Scientific Knowledge

Lipids play an important role in nutrition and human health as they represent a concentrated source of energy, they are the main sources of essential fatty acids and contain fat-soluble substances such as vitamins and carotenoids. They may be of either plant or animal origin. [read more]

The cellular energy metabolism includes all of the processes that generate cellular energy (ATP) following the demolition of sugar (glycolysis), lipids, and small percentage of proteins. ATP production is essential for the proper performance of vital functions as cellular reactions and processes of the body that require energy are supplied from the conversion of ATP to ADP [read more]

Tiredness and chronic fatigue, loss of strength, cramps, fibromyalgia, arrhythmias, low digestibility and gastric emptying, alternate bowel, mood disorders, irritability, “functional bipolarity” are some of the medically unexplained symptoms (MUS) that our body can manifest when the transmission of nerve impulses is altered due to variations in ionic concentrations. [read more]

The chronic fatigue syndrome is a condition in which the patient feels a strong sense of fatigue, unless there is an organic cause and a clear objective diagnostic marker1; However, several studies point to a fault in the mitochondrial function: a reduced ability to increase mitochondrial energy production under stress10,16 that would contribute to reduced physical endurance during exercise2. [read more]

The metabolic processes that take place inside our body lead to continuous variations of pH to a continuous succession of intake-elimination of “acid” and “bases” which determines changes in the concentration of the hydrogen ion (H +) with consequent variation of the organism’s pH that must cope with these changes and maintain the physiological pH (pH 7:38 to 7:44). [read more]

The female inflorescences of Humulus lupulus (hops) have long been used in traditional medicine mainly to treat sleep disorders, but also are indicated in neuralgia, states of agitation associated with nervous tension, for their antibacterial, antifungal, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and chemopreventive, in addition to the food and beverage industry for the production of beer1,2,3,4. The therapeutic properties of hops are well documented both by literature and by scientific studies. [read more]

Supplementation in recent years is becoming an indispensable tool to ensure to our body all the nutrients it needs; the need to integrate the diet with appropriate supplements is supported by multiple reasons: first of all, by the food quality (culture modern techniques have made it poorer in vitamins and minerals than those available in the past), further aggravated by the fact that their consumption is usually done several days after the harvest and this reduces the nutritional quality. [read more]

Pain, leg heaviness, bloating, cramps and varicose veins are all symptoms and signs of chronic venous insufficiency1, a problem that affects about 50% of adult men and women.Most of the products that can relieve these symptoms are of plant origin including 2 compounds such as derivatives of red vine, diosmin and hesperidin which are object of several recent studies. [read more]

Chlorella pyrenoidosa is a green unicellular alga; is a popular food in the world for its high content of amino acids, protein, fibre, antioxidants and bioactive substances. The properties of chlorella are varied so that results to be an interesting food from a nutritional and therapeutic point of view. Alga Chlorella is widely used as a nutritional supplement due to its high protein content as well as being a good source of vitamins and minerals: it contains about 60% protein, 20% carbohydrates and about 11% of unsaturated fatty1. [read more]

The Plasma’s oncotic pressure regulation, the maintenance of acid-base balance, the function of transmission and scavengers, are just some of the activities of the albumin in the body. The importance of this protein, secreted by the liver, is considerable; therefore, events that cause a decrease in its production or that modify the original structure, reduce, consequently, also its capacity of action. [read more]

Coughing is a natural physiologic response to the solicitation of an external agent that the body feels like a nuisance and try to eject. It can be caused by viruses, bacteria, toxins, allergens, from taking certain classes of medications (eg. antihypertensive medications) or can be linked to disorders such as gastroesophageal reflux, however, if continued over time can become a major nuisance. [read more]

The kidneys perform different functions in our body: remove metabolic waste products (such as the nitrogenous), various medications (such as antibiotics) and other substances that we introduce, regulate the volume of body fluids and minerals, produce certain hormones like erythropoietin (which stimulates the formation of red blood cells by the bone marrow), renin and prostaglandins (that regulate blood pressure) and produce the active form of vitamin D, essential for the intestinal absorption of calcium and bone calcification. [read more]

The activities carried out by the liver in the body are numerous and include the storage of glycogen (Gly)1, the synthesis of plasma proteins including albumin and coagulation factors, the production of bile, detoxification of toxins, slag and other harmful elements introduced into the body with food or because of environmental pollution and is essential in drug metabolism (liver makes water-soluble these compounds facilitating their renal elimination). [read more]

Oxygen is an essential element for our body, is transported from the air you breathe to the cells of the body where it is used for metabolic processes. Its lack leads to an abnormal accumulation of metabolic wastes within the body; this happens because the cells get energy from the food through the cellular respiration which consists of a series of reactions which terminate with the formation of energy in the form of ATP (adenosine triphosphate). Without an adequate supply of oxygen there is a deficient production of energy for which the metabolic and environmental toxins waste will no longer be eliminated effectively by the body. [read more]